Conference paper: Promoting avoidance for conservation gains

Conference paper: Promoting avoidance for conservation gains

Biodiversity loss is occurring at an unprecedented rate, largely due to economic motivations for development. Current actions are failing to meet their targets, and new mechanisms are needed to avoid and manage impacts and the Mitigation Hierarchy is one such framework. As with any framework however, robust, practical guidance and a strong evidence base are vital for effective implementation. This study draws on case studies to highlight where development projects have made specific and significant efforts to avoid their impacts on biodiversity. We examine the tools and methods available to achieve avoidance at four levels: 1) Presite selection; 2) Spatial; 3) Temporal and 4) Design. To conclude, the case studies presented in this paper demonstrate that there is much technology available to the corporate sector. However, better uptake will be reliant on knowledge sharing and collaboration. 

Presented at the 35th Annual Conference of the International Association for Impact Assessment, 20-23 April 2015 

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Strengthening the mitigation hierarchy for greater conservation gains

The mitigation hierarchy is a widely advocated process of identifying, avoiding, minimizing and mitigating biodiversity impacts of development projects and is fast becoming best practice – promoted by banks such as the International Finance Corporation, companies such as Rio Tinto and cross-sector collaborative groups such as the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme. However, there is…