Assessing conservation costs in support of the CBD Strategic Plan

Assessing conservation costs in support of the CBD Strategic Plan

Implementing the newly agreed Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 will require substantial mobilization of financial resources, but inadequate information on the scale of both current (baseline) spending and unmet needs is seen as considerable impediment.

Under the Strategic Plan for the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), world governments have committed to halting human-induced extinctions and safeguarding important sites for biodiversity by 2020. However, inadequate information on the scale of both current (baseline) spending on biodiversity conservation and unmet needs is seen as a major impediment to securing the necessary mobilization of financial resources.

This project aimed to address this gap by assessing the costs of delivering two key and urgent components of the Strategic Plan. Using data for birds the project assessed, for the first time, the costs of preventing extinctions (i.e.improving the conservation status of globally threatened species) and safeguarding (i.e. protecting and managing) a global network of key sites for biodiversity.

The results of the project also fed into the financing negotiations process at the CBD COP in Hyderabad, India in October 2012, on the magnitude of the financing needs for implementing the Strategic Plan.

This project was funded by the CCI Collaborative Fund for Conservation.

Project Aims

This project aimed to address this gap so as to ensure that financing decisions are well informed by bringing together a range of expertise from across the CCI partnership. Specifically, it assessed the costs of conservation interventions aimed at delivering two key and urgent components of the Strategic Plan: preventing extinctions and improving the conservation status of known threatened species (Target 12) and safeguarding sites of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services (Target 11).

Key Activities

Building on data for birds, the best known class of organisms, this project assessed the costs of safeguarding a global network of Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) and conserving all known globally threatened species (as listed on the IUCN Red List). Cost data was collected for a representative sample of globally threatened birds and a sample of important sites for birds (Important Bird Areas [IBAs]), and used to model and extrapolate costs to all globally threatened species and important sites for biodiversity.

Conservation Impact

It is hoped that these results can help inform resource mobilization efforts in support of the CBD Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The results have been published in the high-impact academic journal Science and fed directly into the Report of the High-level Panel on Global Assessment of Resources for Implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 launched at the 11th Conference of the Parties (COP) to the CBD in Hyderabad, India (October 2012) . The results have recently been presented at a side event at COP11. The release of the results was given considerable media coverage in the both the UK and more widely. 

Outputs

Project Overview

Type: Funded Projects
Theme: Policy and governance
Start date: July 1, 2011
Status: Complete

Project team

CCI partners Involved

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