Quantifying Global-Level Synergies and Trade-Offs between Biodiversity Conservation and Nature Based Climate Solutions (archives.php)

Quantifying Global-Level Synergies and Trade-Offs between Biodiversity Conservation and Nature Based Climate Solutions

While global policy increasingly recognises the value of terrestrial habitats for climate stabilisation, carbon-biodiversity relationships are complex. This project will inform intergovernmental negotiations by combining CCI and wider expertise to quantify the emissions-reduction potential of a biodiversity restoration actions, and the biodiversity consequences of contrasting nature-based climate solutions.

Putting climate change adaptation into conservation practice

There is a clear and pressing need for a scientific assessment of the evidence about the effectiveness of climate change adaptation to help guide conservation policy and practice around the world. This needs to be supported by guidance about the use of specific interventions. At present, we do not understand the potential for adaptation to…

Impacts of renewable energy on global biodiversity – an overlooked cost of climate change mitigation?

Climate change poses a significant and increasing risk for biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystem services. Urgent mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions is essential to reduce the impacts of climate change on biodiversity. However, mitigation may also increase extinction risk through the unintended impacts of renewable energy developments, such as wind farms or biofuel. Despite this, there…

Can land sparing mitigate climate change?

Agriculture for crops and livestock occupies around 40% of terrestrial land area, is responsible for around a quarter of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and is the primary driver of global declines in biodiversity. Land sparing, which seeks to couple increased yields on farmland with the conservation of natural vegetation cover, has been suggested as…

Developing a framework to inform climate change adaptation for global biodiversity

This workshop brought together a multi-disciplinary selection of researchers from CCI and beyond to identify the range of mechanisms by which climate change will impact on species and to determine potential adaptation interventions for each mechanism. This project was funded by the CCI Strategic Initiative Workshop Fund. This fund provides seed grants for participatory workshops…

Effectiveness of ecosystem‐based approaches to adaptation: a critical review of current evidence

Planned adaptation to climate change may be achieved in many different ways. One approach is ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation. Such adaptation may include sustainable management, conservation and restoration of ecosystems, as part of an overall adaptation strategy that takes into account the multiple social, economic and cultural co-benefits for local communities. Building ecological resilience, prioritising…

Mechanisms underpinning the impact of climate change on natural populations

There is an urgent need to identify the key mechanisms underpinning climate change impacts on biodiversity in order to inform climate change adaptation. This project will review the scientific literature to quantify the evidence for different potential climate change impact mechanisms and appraise their relative importance. Meta-analyses will be conducted to consider how their relative…

Links in biodiversity conservation, ecosystems services and climate change: teaching materials and building capacity

Ecosystems provide numerous benefits, (ecosystem services), which are underpinned by biodiversity. Climate change has increased vulnerability and reduced resilience of ecosystems globally with potentially far reaching impacts on human well-being. There is therefore a need to foster a greater understanding of the links between biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services and climate change to enhance leadership at…

Methods for establishing baseline emission rates for REDD projects

International negotiations aimed at reducing emissions from tropical forest deforestation and degradation (REDD+) through carbon trading are gathering momentum, with numerous pilot projects around the world currently at the design or early-implementation stage. Polluters investing in REDD+ projects to offset carbon emissions will seek assurances that emissions reductions are genuine, requiring the development of robust…