Aichi Target 11 commits CBD Parties to conserving 17% of the terrestrial surface of the earth, especially “areas of particular importance for biodiversity” through “well-connected” systems of protected areas or “other effective area-based conservation measures” (OECMs). This project will assess the degree of connectivity existing currently, with a focus on one taxon (birds) and one region (Africa), and by so doing, enabling better assessment of the feasibility of extending globally. For bird species, this project will assess connectivity between protected areas (PAs), Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs), as the largest systematically identified network of areas of particular importance for biodiversity, and Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas (ICCAs), as one type of OECM. Developing this connectivity measure has strong relevance to ecological science: although we know that many species can persist in fragmented landscapes, other species are less tolerant (i.e. species with low dispersal abilities) and tend to decline in fragmented and degraded landscape areas.
This project will identify both protected and unprotected habitat patches that are of particular importance to the maintenance of populations of assemblages of forest-dependent birds and that are also under severe threat from recent and potential future land-use changes. This project will also highlight species for which improved connectivity of habitat patches is a priority for their conservation.
This project is funded by the CCI Collaborative Fund for Conservation.