‘Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation’ (REDD+) has become an important part of international climate change policy. It is designed to create incentives for developing countries to participate in forestry conservation, aiming to contribute to climate change mitigation, biodiversity preservation, and also to the creation of sustainable livelihoods for forest-dependent communities. REDD+ can be framed as a new tool to address the traditional challenges linked to forestry governance and sustainable land management.
Although it is widely acknowledged that domestic legal frameworks form the ‘backbone’ of REDD+ implementation, the relatively recent development of REDD+ at the international level combined with the small number of pilot projects around the world has left a vacuum in terms of how existing law is applied to implement successful REDD+ projects. REDD+ project developers must tackle issues such as defining carbon rights, designing benefit-sharing systems for local stakeholders (and ensuring that the rights of local peoples are respected), structuring projects to ensure that foreign investment is permitted and addressing challenges such as leakage and permanence.
This project was funded by the CCI Collaborative Fund for Conservation.