Governments from 193 countries have committed, through the Convention on Biological Diversity, to expanding the global protected area network to cover 17% of the earth's terrestrial surface and 10% of marine areas, with a particular emphasis on areas of importance for biodiversity… but where are these areas?
To date a variety of approaches have been developed for identifying such areas, including Important Bird Areas, Important Freshwater Areas, and Alliance for Zero Extinction sites. However, these approaches generally focus on one group of species or one biome and use diverse assessment criteria.
Building on a process to harmonize these approaches initiated by IUCN this CCI project will make an essential contribution to the finalization of a standardised and globally agreed methodology to identify the most significant places for biodiversity on the planet. This project will address two important remaining challenges: (1) reaching a consensus on the categories and thresholds to identify such ‘Key Biodiversity Areas’; (2) setting governance mechanisms that ensure that these categories and thresholds are applied rigorously and transparently.
The main outputs of this project will be a coherent set of categories and thresholds to identify sites of significance for biodiversity, covering all aspects of biodiversity (ecosystems, species and genes) for the first time, an agreed guidance on the best governance structure for the new KBA standard and a scientific paper.
The project will make a crucial contribution to the final methodology for KBA identification, which will be launched in November 2014 in Sidney, Australia, at the World Parks Congress. Widespread adoption and implementation of this methodology by various stakeholders is expected, including government agencies to fulfil their countries' international commitments, NGOs to raise awareness and advocate for conservation action on the ground, private sector to comply with their environmental safeguard policies, and donors to define priorities.
This project is funded by the CCI Collaborative Fund for Conservation.